By Jerome S. Blackman
Defenses are psychological operations that repair or keep psychic equilibrium whilst humans believe that they can not deal with feelings that stem from clash; they get rid of parts of disagreeable feelings from unsleeping know-how. for instance, utilizing intercourse, meals, or hostility to alleviate stress - that's a safety - catalogued right here as access quantity sixty eight: Impulsivity. Screaming at somebody could be a safeguard. taking part in golfing could be a safety. So can saving cash. Or not less than all of those actions may well contain defenses. during this ebook, Blackman catalogs one zero one defenses - the main ever compiled - with descriptions sensible to be used in daily evaluation and remedy of psychopathology. He explains easy methods to discover and interpret a security and gives supportive remedy ideas. the numerous useful advice interspersed all through this article make it a good reference instrument for college kids and skilled clinicians, whereas the basic good points let all readers to event how mental defenses function in lifestyle.
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Additional info for 101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself
The same clergyman (as in #36, above) revered his “saintly” mother, who had died from cancer when he was 17. He had never grieved over her loss. Instead, he took punishment the way he had seen her suffer at the hands of his father; that is, he used identification with the lost object as well. , to not grieve over her loss). 38. Identification with the Introject (Sandler, 1960) In latency, after you form an image of someone, you wind up making that image part of your superego. In pathological adult situations, if people incorporate a deceased but unconsciously hated loved one’s character traits into their self-image, they may then turn the unconscious hate on themselves, creating a reactive depression (Freud, 1917; Volkan, 1987a).
M. and has a martini. He does not see the children, or her, but just goes to sleep. Although she blandly describes feeling “a little bothered,” she is unaware of unpleasant sensations over the insults and the deprivations she had so succinctly summarized. 14. Externalization (Glover, 1955) A special form of projection where you experience a part of your mind as “external” to yourself. You might think someone or “society” will criticize you, when actually you feel self-critical. Clinically, this is extremely common as a resistance to treatment.
This inhibition of integration (a defense, see 48) is different from an integrative defect but can look quite a bit like one. Ms. W, a 28-year-old woman with problems in heterosexual relationships, reported in session that she invited a date to go skinny-dipping at midnight. She was appalled, on returning to her apartment from the pool, that the man attempted to make love to her. She “felt good” that she “expressed her feelings” by refusing sex and that he left her apartment without a hassle. She now expected her therapist to be pleased with her for standing up for herself.
101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself by Jerome S. Blackman