The 2014 ASHRAE Handbook€”Refrigeration covers the refrigeration gear and platforms for purposes except human convenience. This quantity comprises information and tips on cooling, freezing, and storing foodstuff; business and clinical functions of refrigeration; and low-temperature refrigeration; and contains a dual-unit CD.
CD method standards: home windows: CD-ROM force; 1.3 GHz or speedier processor; Microsoft home windows Vista, home windows 7, or home windows eight (62-bit and 64-big); 1 GB of RAM (2 GB recommended); Microsoft web Explorer eight or larger; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or greater; 350 MB hard-disk area. Macintosh: Mac OS X v. 10.5.8 or v. 10.6.4; 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended); 415 MB hard-disk area; 800 x six hundred display answer (1024 x 768 recommended); Safari four for Mac OS X v. 10.5.8, Safari four or 5.0x for Mac OS X v. 10.6.4, Safari 6.0 for Mac OS X v. 10.7.4 or v. 10.8; Firefox; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or greater. quotation: 2014 ASHRAE Handbook
ASHRAE, based in 1894, is a world association of a few 50,000 individuals. ASHRAE fulfills its challenge of advancing heating, air flow, air con, and refrigeration to serve humanity and advertise a sustainable international via study, criteria writing, publishing, and carrying on with schooling.
The ASHRAE Handbooks are the layout usual for keep watch over of outfitted environments with volumes on structures and gear, HVAC functions, Refrigeration and basics. each one is up-to-date each 4 years. as well as publishing layout tips for engineers, architects, and facility managers, we additionally put up a sequence of texts for lecture room use.
a number of the parts we put up in include:
-Energy Modeling and Auditing
-High functionality construction Design
-Indoor Air caliber and Environmental Quality
-Data heart power Efficiency
-Noise & Vibration Control
-HVAC for Healthcare amenities
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29 equivalent differences in saturation pressure of the receiver and the condenser. Subcooling by the liquid leg tends to condense vapor in the receiver to reach a balance between rate of condensation, at an intermediate saturation pressure, and heat gain from ambient to the receiver. A relatively large liquid leg is required to balance a small temperature difference; therefore, this method is probably limited to marginal cases. Liquid leaving the receiver is nonetheless saturated, and any subcooling to prevent flashing in the liquid line must be obtained downstream of the receiver.
During the off cycle, the oil separator cools down and acts as a condenser for refrigerant that evaporates in warmer parts of the system. A cool oil separator may condense discharge gas and, on compressor start-up, automatically drain it into the compressor crankcase. To minimize this possibility, the drain connection from the oil separator can be connected into the suction line. This line should be equipped with a shutoff valve, a fine filter, hand throttling and solenoid valves, and a sight glass.
Pressure loss through any one of the parallel circuits is always equal to that through any of the others, even if it results in filling much of one circuit with liquid while gas passes through another. Figure 22 shows a basic arrangement for parallel condensers with a through-type receiver. Condensate drop legs must be long enough to allow liquid levels in them to adjust to equalize pressure losses between condensers at all operating conditions. Drop legs should be 6 to 12 in. higher than calculated to ensure that liquid outlets drain freely.
2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System by ASHRAE