By Marjolyn Verspoor; Kees De Bot; Wander Lowie
Dynamic platforms idea, a normal thought of swap and improvement, deals a brand new strategy to research first and moment language improvement and calls for a brand new set of instruments for research of empirical facts. After a short creation to the idea, this ebook, co-authored via a number of best students within the box, concentrates on instruments and methods lately built to investigate language facts from a dynamic viewpoint. The chapters take care of the final suggestions and reasoning in the back of coding info, interpreting variability, getting to know interacting variables and modeling. The accompanying the best way to sections supply s. Read more...
content material: getting to know moment language improvement from a dynamic platforms conception standpoint / Kees de Bot & Diane Larsen-Freeman --
Dynamic structures concept and a usage-based method of moment language improvement / Marjolijn Verspoor & Heike Behrens --
Coding and extracting info / Monika Schmid, Marjolijn Verspoor & Brian MacWhinney --
Variability and DST /Marijn van Dijk, Marjolijn Verspoor & Wander Lowie --
Visualizing interplay among variables / Marjolijn Verspoor & Marijn van Dijk --
Modeling improvement and alter / Wander Lowie, Tal Caspi, Paul van Geert & Henderien Steenbeek.
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Extra resources for A dynamic approach to second language development : methods and techniques
Siegler (2006) points out that in a study that combined a micro-genetic and cross-sectional component (Siegler & Svetina 2002), the patterning of changes and non-changes proved to be quite comparable. The longitudinal and cross-sectional groups matched on 10 of the 11 indices of change that were examined. In contrast to the cross-sectional study, though, the longitudinal microgenetic study had yielded data that could show how the changes had taken place: Learners will reject and generate new strategies in two separate processes.
It is never a steady state (Dörnyei 2009). At the very least, then, we need to look for the causal interconnections, the reciprocity that occurs when one factor changes and influences another. Another AL example of reciprocal causality that can be perceived in dynamic systems is the co-adaptation that takes place between interlocutors. To cite a well-known example in our field, when a native speaker and a nonnative speaker of a given language interact, the native speaker may adjust his or her language to make it easier to process.
However, MacWhinney’s model emphasizes that in addition to pure frequency, the role of cue availability, validity and reliability helps determine the course of acquisition, which relates to the opacity of patterns. Cue availability refers to how often a cue is present in the input, and cue reliability refers to whether a cue is always used consistently. Cue validity is the product of cue availability and reliability. A fully valid cue is a cue that is always there when it needs to be for communication purposes (in other words, it is fully available) and that is used consistently (it is fully reliable).
A dynamic approach to second language development : methods and techniques by Marjolyn Verspoor; Kees De Bot; Wander Lowie