By Charles P. Kindleberger
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1984 by way of OUP
This is the 1st background of finance - commonly outlined to incorporate funds, banking, capital markets, private and non-private finance, foreign transfers and so on. - that covers Western Europe (with an occasional look on the western hemisphere) and part a millennium.
Charles Kindleberger highlights the improvement of economic associations to satisfy rising wishes, and the similarities and contrasts within the dealing with of economic difficulties reminiscent of moving assets from one state to a different, stimulating funding, or financing conflict and cleansing up the ensuing financial mess. the 1st half the e-book covers cash, banking and finance from 1450 to 1913; the second one offers in significantly finer element with the 20 th century.
This significant paintings casts present concerns in old standpoint and throws mild at the interesting, and much from orderly, evolution of monetary associations and the administration of monetary difficulties. finished, severe and cosmopolitan, this booklet is either a superb paintings of reference and crucial examining for all these considering the learn and perform of finance, be they financial historians, monetary specialists, scholarly bankers or scholars of cash and banking.
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Extra info for A Financial History of Western Europe
N - 1 is a much smaller number than N( N 21 ), when N is anything larger than a very small integer. Over time, the unit of account functions as a standard of deferred payment-used in contracts involving payments or debt. Two monies may be less efficient than one. No problem ariseji in the short run from the existence of more than one money as medium of exchange, nor if two or more monies are related to one another in value at a fixed price. Sir John Hicks has produced a theorem that states that when two goods have a fixed price they can be regarded as one.
Its problems as money included not only its weight and bulk for fairly large payments, but also the difficulties it posed for institutions that handled a large volume of transactions of low unit value. The Regie des Postes in the Napoleonic era, for example, used to receive 9 to 10 million livres in copper annually, and paid for its wages and supplies in silver. The French government tried to make copper legal tender in settlement of debts up to one-fortieth of the amounts involved. It failed to help (Mollien, 1845, Vol.
The plunder of the monasteries was insufficient for the satisfaction of the Tudor appetite, and between 1526 and 1546 Henry raised the prices of gold and silver in a series of uneven steps from £24 per troy pound for gold to £30 and £2 to £2 8s for silver (Gould, 1970, pp. 9-11). Some adjustment was made in the opposite direction on a number of occasions in British financial history; in 1561 under Elizabeth I, in 1696 during the 'great recoinage' of the Nine Years' War (Li, 1963), and in the two postwar revaluations of the pound sterling about a hundred years apart, in 1819and 1925.
A Financial History of Western Europe by Charles P. Kindleberger