By Irina Nikolaeva
"The ancient Dictionary of Yukaghir" has major reasons. First, it's meant as a comparatively entire resource of knowledge at the lexicon of Yukaghir. Tundra and Kolyma Yukaghir are heavily comparable, hugely endangered languages spoken within the severe North-East of Siberia. No sleek entire lexicographic description of those languages is accessible for the foreign linguistic group. The dictionary provides all identified types of Yukaghir in comparative layout. a few of the fabrics incorporated come from released resources, others have been got by means of the writer via fieldwork and are released for the 1st time. The dictionary additionally comprises examples of now extinct early different types of Yukaghir, which started to be recorded within the overdue seventeenth century. moment, the dictionary presents a primary reconstruction of the typical ancestor of all recognized Yukaghir kinds. The proto-Yukaghir stems are confirmed in response to inner reconstruction, comparability among numerous Yukaghir idioms, and exterior information. even though the dictionary doesn't try and offer etymologies for all Yukaghir phrases, it comprises attainable cognates of a few Yukaghir stems from different languages, generally Uralic and Altaic. considering the fact that Yukaghir kinds are usually not in basic terms pointed out of their sleek form yet are reconstructed, the dictionary will offer a beginning for destiny etymological paintings and give a contribution to investigating the genetic association of Yukaghir, often categorised as remoted. The booklet can also be precious for linguists attracted to the far away genetic kin among language households and the reconstruction of the ethnic and linguistic state of affairs in prehistoric northern Asia.
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Extra info for A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir (Trends in Linguistics Documentation, Vol. 25)
Where in this Introduction there is no indication of the source, the examples are taken from Kolyma Yukaghir. 1. 1. Vocalism Kolyma and Tundra Yukaghir have identical vocalic systems as below. e. after the initial structures CVCV, CVC or CV:. 2). The vowel ə is not included in the phonemic inventory, because its distribution is fully predictable from the syllabic structure. Therefore it does not contrast with full vowels. 2, ə has distinct phonological properties not shared by other vowels. The vowel ə is also present in a few monosyllabic functional words that normally form a single phonological phrase with the adjacent lexical word, Introduction330 such as the pronouns mət 'I', tət 'thou', and possibly some forms of the auxiliary verb l'ə- 'to be'.
The German-based list (i) is cited in the dictionary as ME. Since none of the mentioned sources contains all the words found in the other source, the Introduction324 present volume is the first publication of Billings and Merk's materials in full. Whether В and ME had a common source remains unclear. The words in these sources are written in the same order, but they are likely to result from parallel recordings of the same speaker by two different members of the expedition. This could account for the divergences in citing grammatical forms.
Short vowels other than ə do not lengthen in this context. 7-(Qualitative), and К -šaj-/-šej-, -daj-l-dej-, T -raj-l-rej-, -taj/-tej- (Perfective Transitive). (15a) illustrates the Diminutive, and (15b) the Evidential. Introduction342 (15) a. a:čə po:rə önmə ejmə ača:-de: pora:-de: önme:-de: ejme:-de: reindeer spring mind price b. joγortəjaqtəegetəejrə- joγorta:-l'əl jaqtar-Гэ! -1'əl to wound to sing to put, to raise to walk This lengthening is caused by the need to parse the word into bimoraic feet (see Nikolaeva 1998 for details).
A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir (Trends in Linguistics Documentation, Vol. 25) by Irina Nikolaeva