By G. Walter Hansen
This booklet bargains a clean viewpoint on Paul's use of the Abraham tale in Galatians by means of delivering a radical research of its epistolary and rhetorical contexts. partly I, parallels in Galatians to rebuke-request letters in Greek papyri function a foundation for dividing the letter into significant sections: Rebuke (1.6-4.11) and Request (3.12-6.10), the request formulation in 4.12 indicating a tremendous turning element within the letter. The Abraham argument (3.6-29) and the Hagar-Sarah allegory (4.12-31) could be considered as Paul's biblical rebuke and biblical allure respectively. Rhetorical research classifies 1.1-4.11 as forensic rhetoric, characterised via defence and accusations concerning earlier activities, and 4.12-6.18 as deliberative rhetoric, marked by means of exhortation and dissuasion relating to destiny activities. partly II, exegetical research of 3.1-29 stresses the subordination of the Abraham argument to the framework supplied through Paul's expressions of the rebuke. inside this framework, the autobiographical part and the Abraham argument part are parallel advancements of the thesis assertion (1.11-12). either sections emphasize Paul's missiological quandary to maintain the reality of the Gospel for the liberty of Gentile believers. research of 4.21-31 exhibits how the allegory features in the request element of the letter as biblical aid for the decision to withstand the troublemakers, environment the degree for the authoritative allure of 5.13-6.10. From the viewpoint supplied via this research, major implications which relate to broader theological matters in Pauline theology are set forth; the functionality of Paul's doctrine of justification by way of religion because the foundation for his Gentile project, Paul's view of the Gentile church because the Israel of God, and the covenantal constitution of Paul's ethics which pertains to the reaction of religion to obedience within the divine will. 3 appendices evaluation fresh dialogue of significant history matters: The Opponent's Use of the Abraham culture, Abraham in Jewish Literature, and Paul and Jewish Exegesis.
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Additional info for Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts
The man who handed me the letter declared in so many words that Arius will get you out of it, having given the rolls to the royal scribes; he did not have them sent. So I am writing to you in order that you may know, if there is anything necessary, what you are to do; for you know that, if you are not present, this affair finds no solution. So do not neglect this. P. Oxy. 19-24 AD ii 19 20 nepi cov aoi yeypd(|)£iv 8id Kop(36Xcovo<; 7T8jiV|/ai jaoi GaujadCco nax; OUK e8ucaicood<; jaoi neuvj/ai Kai raura ejaoO eopniv prior instructions rebuke formula cause for rebuke 1.
The truth of the matter, it seems, is to admit with Aune that there is a mixture of the forensic genre and deliberative genre in Paul's Galatians' argument. WJ. 31 And Paul's mixture of forensic and deliberative features is an illustration of Brandt's assessment. Indeed, Gal. 7). 34 Paul is at times the defendant, but he is also the accuser-prosecutor as he makes his charges against the intruders and the Galatians. The Galatian believers are in some respects the jury called upon by Paul to acquit him of all charges and condemn the intruders.
2. The Rhetorical Genre Three species of rhetoric are described in the classical tradition:21 (1) forensic rhetoric is addressed to the jury or judge with the goal being to defend or accuse someone regarding past actions; (2) deliberative rhetoric is addressed to the public assembly in order to exhort or dissuade the public regarding future actions; and (3) epideictic rhetoric is addressed to spectators in order to affirm communal values by praise or blame. These three rhetorical genre seek different kinds of judgment from the audience.
Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts by G. Walter Hansen