By Richard M. Freeland
This publication examines the evolution of yankee universities throughout the years following global struggle II. Emphasizing the significance of swap on the campus point, the booklet combines a common attention of nationwide traits with an in depth learn of 8 varied universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston college, Boston university, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. huge analytic chapters research significant advancements like enlargement, the increase of graduate schooling and examine, the professionalization of the school, and the decline of basic schooling. those chapters additionally evaluate criticisms of academia that arose within the past due Sixties and the destiny of varied reform proposals through the Nineteen Seventies. extra chapters specialize in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other forms of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city inner most universities and public universities--in responding to the situations of the postwar years.
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Extra resources for Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970
Though the nation's first Catholic college was founded at Georgetown in 1789, few others were added until the mid-nine21 Contexts teenth century. Initially, the limited scope of Catholic college building mirrored the modest size of that religious group in the nation's population. Even after the great migrations of the 1830s, however, Catholic higher education developed slowly. Most of the newcomers were peasants with little means to support or orientation to seek advanced learning. Nonetheless, the creation of Catholic colleges became a minor theme of academic expansion in the decades prior to the Civil War.
Eliot was aided by the fact that his presidency coincided with a period of local prosperity and a spirit of philanthropy among citizens that brought large donations to the university. Eliot's Harvard paid the best salaries in American higher education and acquired academia's most extensive library and largest endowment. These resources enabled the college in Cambridge to attract leading scholars from the United States and Europe, who, in turn, drew students from beyond New England. Eliot's innovations were hardly unique, but his skill in implementing them was exceptional.
Lowell hoped to recast Harvard along the familiar lines of Oxford 20 Education in Massachusetts before 1945 and Cambridge, with tutorials and general examinations replacing the coursecredit system as a basis for graduation. Though he failed to install his program in every department, by the end of his term the policy was widely adopted, and the College employed enough tutors to support this form of instruction for every undergraduate. While Eliot had been criticized by Harvardians concerned about the college, his successor was accused of neglecting research and graduate education.
Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970 by Richard M. Freeland