By D. S. Ballantine Jr., Robert M. White, S. J. Martin, Antonio J. Ricco, E. T. Zellers, G. C. Frye, H. Wohltjen, Moises Levy, Richard Stern
Written through an interdisciplinary crew of specialists from either and academia, this booklet offers an in-depth examine the present kingdom of acoustic wave units and the scope in their use in chemical, biochemical, and actual measurements, in addition to in engineering functions. as a result of the inherent interdisciplinary functions of those units, this booklet may be beneficial for the chemist and biochemist attracted to the use and improvement of those sensors for particular functions; engineer concerned with the layout and development of those units; the chemical engineer and the biotechnologist attracted to utilizing those units for strategy tracking and keep watch over; and the sensor group at huge.
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Extra resources for Acoustic Wave Sensors - Theory, Design, and Physico-Chemical Applications
For this reason, a system has been adopted for reducing the number of indices from two to one [ 1]. 1. In equation form, the use of reduced index notation is signified by the use of capital subscripts, as St and TI. The symmetry properties that allow reduction of the number of entries in the stress and strain tensors also allow reduction of the number of elastic stiffness constants cqkt in the stiffness matrix. 1, results in a stiffness matrix requiring only 36 entries in reduced notation: ctj, where I and J range from 1 to 6.
13, but with the motional impedance given by: 1 Zrn = (Rl + R2) + joa(Li + L2) + jtoC----? 22) Since the series resonant frequency is defined as the point where motional inductance and capacitance resonate, the motional inductance L2 causes a shift in series resonant frequency (relative to the unperturbed case) given by: Afs = L2fs 2(L! 23) The formalism outlined above will be applied to determine equivalent-circuit models for a TSM resonator with (1) an ideal mass layer, (2) a contacting semiinfinite liquid, and (3) a viscoelastic film.
M. ; Pergamon: New York, Ch. 1 (1986). 3. Brekhovskikh, L. and Goncharov, V. Mechanics of Continua and Wave Dynamics; Springer-Verlag: New York, (1982). 4. Martin, S. ; Ricco, A. ; Niemczyk, T. ; Frye, G. C. Sensors and Actuators, 20, 253-268 (1989). 5. Nye, J. F. Physical Properties of Crystals; Clarendon Press: Oxford (1957). 6. IEEE Standard on Piezoelectricity 176-1987; IEEE Press: Piscataway, NJ (1986). Chapter 3 ] AcousticWave Sensors and Responses Devices based on piezoelectric crystals, which allow transduction between electrical and acoustic energies, have been constructed in a number of configurations for sensor applications and materials characterization.
Acoustic Wave Sensors - Theory, Design, and Physico-Chemical Applications by D. S. Ballantine Jr., Robert M. White, S. J. Martin, Antonio J. Ricco, E. T. Zellers, G. C. Frye, H. Wohltjen, Moises Levy, Richard Stern