By Ronald K. Hambleton, Peter F. Merenda, Charles D. Spielberger
Dapting academic and mental assessments for Cross-Cultural overview severely examines and advances new tools and practices for adapting exams for cross-cultural evaluation and study. The foreign attempt fee (ITC) instructions for try variation and conceptual and methodological matters in try out version are defined intimately, and questions of ethics and trouble for validity of try rankings in cross-cultural contexts are conscientiously tested. Advances in try out translation and variation method, together with statistical identity of mistaken try goods, constructing equivalence of other language types of a attempt, and methodologies for evaluating assessments in a number of languages, are reviewed and evaluated. The publication additionally specializes in adapting skill, fulfillment, and character assessments for cross-cultural evaluation in academic, business, and medical settings.This e-book furthers the ITC's project of stimulating examine on well timed subject matters linked to overview. It presents a superb source for classes in psychometric equipment, try building, and academic and/or mental review, trying out, and dimension. Written by means of across the world recognized students in psychometric equipment and cross-cultural psychology, the gathering of chapters must also offer crucial info for educators and psychologists taken with cross-cultural overview, in addition to scholars meaning to such careers.
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Additional info for Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment
1: Generaland Professional Requirements Test developers/publishers should ensure that the adaptation process takes full account of linguistic and cultural differences in the intended populations. Rationale/Explanation The expertise and experience of translators are perhaps the most crucial aspects of the entire process of adapting tests as they can significantly affect the reliability and validity of the test (Bracken& Barona, 1991). For example, translators without domain specific or technical knowledge often resort to literal translations that may cause misunderstanding in the target population and threaten the validity of the test (Hambleton & Kanjee, 1995b).
Differential item functioning. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hui, C. , & Triandis, H. C. (1985). Measurement in cross cultural psychology. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 16, 131-152. Hulin, C. L. (1987). A psychometric theory of evaluations of item and scale translations: Fidelity across languages. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychol ogy, 18, 115-142. Hulin, C. , & Komocar, J. (1982). Application of item response theory to analysis of attitude scale translation. Journal of Applied Psychol ogy, 67, 818-825.
10. 10 Non-equivalent items across the intended popula tions should not be used in "linking" adapted versions of the test to a common score reporting scale. However, these same items may be useful for reporting scores in each population, separately. Rationale/Explanation. Items on adapted tests, in some in stances, may be identified as nonequivalent because they are poorly adapted or culturally inappropriate (Hulin, 1987). These items cannot be used in the "linking" of adapted versions of a test to a common score-reporting scale because they provide different in formation for the populations being compared.
Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment by Ronald K. Hambleton, Peter F. Merenda, Charles D. Spielberger