By Todd D. Nelson
In addition to race and gender, humans in general use age to categorize—and shape stereotypes about—others. Of the 3 different types, age is the one one within which the individuals of the in-group (the younger) will finally sign up for the out-group (the old). even supposing ageism is located cross-culturally, it really is in particular commonly used within the usa, the place most folk regard growing old with melancholy, worry, and anxiousness. Older humans within the usa are stigmatized and marginalized, with frequently devastating outcomes. even supposing researchers have paid loads of recognition to racism and sexism, there was a dearth of study on ageism. an incredible cause of this forget is that age prejudice remains to be thought of socially appropriate. As child boomers method retirement age, notwithstanding, there was elevated educational and well known curiosity in getting older. This quantity offers the present considering on age stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination through researchers in gerontology, psychology, sociology, and conversation. The ebook provides theoretical and empirical findings at the origins and results of ageism, in addition to feedback on the way to decrease ageism for the impending "graying of America."
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Extra resources for Ageism: stereotyping and prejudice against older persons
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Thus, from this perspective, the elderly may be the most threatening reminder to people of their inevitable mortality. In these and many other examples from anthropology, literature, painting, and film, aging is associated with a variety of negative consequences, the most psychologically important of these being death. Because of these widespread associations, the elderly are likely to bring to mind these very threatening prospects for ourselves. Terror management theory (Greenberg et al. 1986; Solomon, Greenberg, and Pyszczynski 1991) was developed to explain how we humans cope with the knowledge of our own vulnerability and mortality, and so it may be useful to review the theory and associated research and then draw implications from this work to understand how people defend against the threatening aspects of knowledge of and experiences with the elderly and the consequences of such defenses for attitudes and behavior toward the elderly.
Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior (pp. 88–114). Hillsdale, NJ: Elbaum. , and Kruse, L. (1998). Age stereotypes and patronizing messages: Features of age-adapted speech in technical instructions to the elderly. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 26, 66–82. Traxler, A. J. (1971). Intergenerational differences in attitudes toward old people. Gerontologist, 11, 34. Turner, J. , and Oakes, P. J. (1989). Self-categorization theory and social influence. In P. B. ), The psychology of group influence (pp.
Ageism: stereotyping and prejudice against older persons by Todd D. Nelson