By Neil Longley
This ebook takes a multi-disciplinary method of interpreting the character of ‘competition’ and ‘competitive virtue’ in the U.S. professional game undefined. via many measures, the 4 significant seasoned activities leagues within the U.S. – the nationwide soccer League (NFL), nationwide Basketball organization (NBA), nationwide Hockey League (NHL), and significant League Baseball (MLB) – at the moment are probably the most profitable company entities within the state. whereas those demonstrated leagues have as a rule been hugely ecocnomic all through their respective existences, the previous 20 years were quite profitable, with franchise values in all 4 leagues turning out to be swiftly, and at degrees way past marketplace charges of go back. inside this context, the e-book seeks to discover the character of the aggressive virtue that those leagues it seems that own. the aim is to spot not just how those leagues were in a position to get to the place they're this present day, but additionally to ascertain the aggressive threats and possibilities that those leagues face as they movement ahead. A key contribution of the ebook is that it analyzes those concerns from a multi-disciplinary strategy together with a standard economics standpoint, public coverage and public selection thought and strategic administration, to supply a parallel reason for the good fortune of every of the 4 significant leagues. It argues that no unmarried conceptual process can, in itself, safely clarify the complete richness of the difficulty. Its stresses that those a number of techniques may still quite often be considered as enhances, instead of as being together unique, and complete knowing of the problem calls for one to undertake a multi-disciplinary viewpoint, making it of curiosity to students in strategic administration, recreation administration, and economics. it could possibly function an efficient instructing software in either graduate and upper-level undergraduate classes for college kids in those fields, and is very valuable for schools trying to emphasize to their scholars the significance of a multi-disciplinary, integrative, method while examining enterprise and administration concerns. The e-book can also be of curiosity to leaders in the activity itself, and may support to supply perception and viewpoint as leagues search to augment their aggressive virtue within the marketplace.
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Additional resources for An Absence of Competition: The Sustained Competitive Advantage of the Monopoly Sports Leagues
1 shows the number of franchises in each league, decade by decade, over the past half century. As well, the location of current franchises shows remarkable similarity across the four leagues. 5 The Current State of the Monopoly Leagues: Structure, Conduct, and Policies 19 in the United States that is served by each league. The table shows a definite pattern. Each league has a strong presence across the major markets in the United States, but this presence is far from complete. For example, of the country’s top-30 markets, the NFL is in 24 of these, MLB in 22, the NBA in 21, and the NHL in only 18.
While the 1984 season did have some bright spots for the league—for example, the expansion Jacksonville Jaguars were well received in that city and actually broke a USFL attendance record in the second week of the season, with an announced crowd of over 73,000—any successes were largely overshadowed by the increasingly acrimonious relationships amongst the owners and by the large-scale losses that many teams were suffering. Losses for the LA Express reportedly totaled $15 million, while the expansion Pittsburgh Maulers lost $10 million.
The USFL’s first draft was held in January 1983, 4 months prior to the NFL draft, giving the upstart league a significant advantage in wooing key college players before the NFL could. In addition to the draft, the USFL adopted a territorial protection system whereby each USFL team was assigned five colleges from which it could protect 26 players; these protected players were then not subject to the league-wide draft. The intent of this territorial protection system was to increase fan identification with players by keeping local college stars on the nearby USFL team, something which was unlikely to occur in an open draft system.
An Absence of Competition: The Sustained Competitive Advantage of the Monopoly Sports Leagues by Neil Longley