Download e-book for kindle: An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions by Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal

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By Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal

ISBN-10: 0262610213

ISBN-13: 9780262610216

The authors supply a concept about the nature of a linguistic description, that's, a theoretical assertion in regards to the form of description linguist is ready to provide of a ordinary language. This conception seeks to combine the generative belief of phonology and syntax constructed by means of Chomsky and Halle, with the notion of semantics proposed through Katz and Fodor. The authors reveal that the mixing inside one concept of those conceptions of phonology, syntax, and semantics clarifies, extra systematizes, and justifies every one of them. additionally they express that such integration sheds massive gentle upon the character of linguistic universals, that's, upon the character of language. basic concentration is put on the relation among the syntactic and the semantic parts of a linguistic description.

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5. For a more adequate and detailed account rules, cf. 6. 7. Chomsky (1955 a, 1957, 1961, of transformational 1962, 1964 b). Katz and Fodor (1963). The fact that meanings are analyzable into subcomponents insight and basis for so-called ‘componential analysis', an approach to semantics that has developed in is the chief Cf. Lounsbury (1956), Goodenough (1951, 1956), Wallace and Atkins (I960), etc. However, such studies have failed to recognize that the analyzability of meanings extends beyond certain limited lexical sets like kinship terms, anthropology.

Of alternative meanings is provided for every constituent of a sentence, until the highest constituent, Sentence, is reached and associated with a set of derived readings that provide the meanings for the whole sentence. Amalgamation is the operation of forming a composite reading made up of a reading from each of the sets of readings dominated by a given node in a P-marker, A pair of readings is joined if one of them satisfies the selection restriction in the other. Suppose that a node labeled by a syntactic marker SM dominates just the sets of readings Ri, R^, where the first of these sets contains kj readings, the second contains k 2 readings, and the n^1 contains k readings.

We shall see, however, that there are grounds for changing this stipulation of the range of PI in kernel sentences and that the new statement of the range of PI provides an equally formal representation of the fact that kernel sentences are interpreted fully , without P2. There are many treatments of grammatical facts in the literature that involve optional singulary transformations not affecting the meaning of the structures on which they operate. This is true of transformations describing cases of alternative word order like up the word (1) the student looked (2) the student looked the word up those describing the passive construction, those describing negation (in Klima* s or Lees’s treatment), 1 etc.

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An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions by Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal

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