By Gilda L. Ochoa
At the floor, Mexican americans and Mexican immigrants to the USA appear to percentage a typical cultural identification yet frequently make uneasy acquaintances. Discrimination and assimilationist guidelines have encouraged generations of Mexican american citizens in order that a few now worry that the prestige they've got won by means of assimilating into American society could be jeopardized by way of Spanish-speaking rookies. different Mexican americans, in spite of the fact that, undertake a place of staff harmony and paintings to higher the social stipulations and academic possibilities of Mexican immigrants. concentrating on the Mexican-origin, working-class urban of l. a. Puente in la County, California, this e-book examines Mexican american citizens' daily attitudes towards and interactions with Mexican immigrants--a subject that has to date acquired little critical examine. utilizing in-depth interviews, player observations, university board assembly mins, and different ancient files, Gilda Ochoa investigates how Mexican americans are negotiating their relationships with immigrants at an interpersonal point within the areas the place they store, worship, study, and lift their households. This study into day-by-day lives highlights the centrality of ladies within the technique of negotiating and development groups and sheds new gentle on identification formation and staff mobilization within the U.S. and on academic concerns, specially bilingual schooling. It additionally enhances past reports at the influence of immigration at the wages and employment possibilities of Mexican americans. (200601)
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Extra info for Becoming neighbors in a Mexican American community: power, conflict, and solidarity
Newspapers agitated anti-immigrant sentiment by calling for the expulsion of Mexican immigrants and depicting undocumented workers as dangerous. During this so-called ‘‘Operation Wetback,’’ the INS deported , Mexicans in . In the INS deported ,,; in more than , Mexicans were deported, and in the number was over , (Acuña , ). In the McCarran-Walter Act enabled the Justice Department to deport politically ‘‘undesirable aliens and naturalized citizens,’’ resulting in the deportation of many Mexican immigrants active in labor organizing (Acuña , ).
Throughout the mid-s, the media and politicians continued to perpetuate stereotyped perceptions of immigrants as threats to public safety and as a cause of social problems. Such sentiment led Congress to pass key legislation directly aﬀecting the lives of undocumented immigrants. In an attempt to regulate illegal immigration, Congress passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) in (Donato , ). A restrictionist policy, IRCA was intended to reduce undocumented immigration by imposing employer sanctions against those who knowingly hired undocumented workers and providing amnesty to immigrants who qualiﬁed under Congress’ stipulations.
Socially constructed power diﬀerentials and racism are camouﬂaged and not acknowledged (Frankenberg ; Omi and Winant ). , this discourse blames people of color for their positions in society and reinforces the pre- 34 Becoming Neighbors in a Mexican American Community vailing notions of rugged individualism and meritocracy (Frankenberg ; P. McIntosh ). Individual and cultural factors, as opposed to historical, political, economic, and social ones, are used to explain group position.
Becoming neighbors in a Mexican American community: power, conflict, and solidarity by Gilda L. Ochoa